RECIPROCAL SYSTEM DATABASE Status Report: An Aperiodic Blog

January 13, 2015

Very High Galactic Redshifts

Filed under: Science — transpower @ 6:16 pm

According to the Reciprocal System of theory, galaxy clusters–like the Local Group–move away from other galaxy clusters, eventually attaining a speed of unity, or c, the speed of light.  This yields a redshift value of 1, the maximum for a normal galaxy.  Quasars have higher redshifts, but this doesn’t indicate that they’re farther away.  Rather, their redshifts are due to an explosive force imparted to their consitutent particles, which puts them at speeds above c, although the quasar, as a whole, remains below c.  Motions above c are in coordinate time, which is the inverse of that in coordinate space.  So, instead of expanding outward in space, the particles move, equivalently, inward in space, causing the well-known compact structure of quasars.  So astronomer Halton Arp was right:  quasars are associated with galaxies with normal redshifts but have an additional redshift due to the explosion which created them.  According to the Reciprocal System, redshifts can go as high as 7, at which point the particles must leave our sector for the inverse, or cosmic, sector, which is localized in time.  Therefore, all the very high redshift galaxies discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope must be quasars, not normal galaxies.  The Special Relativistic transformation of the normal Doppler relation does not apply and is incorrect.  See Dewey B. Larson’s The Universe of Motion for the details.

Study the Reciprocal System and prove it for yourself.  The Reciprocal System:  Microcosmos Database is now available from and



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